True/False B. Apps, games, and accessories helped spur the popularity of the iPad and led to its adoption in thousands of different applications from movie making, creating art, making music, inventory control and point-of-sale systems, to name but a few. assist teachers in preparing student IEPs. This very small home computer is available in the UK as a kit for 79 or pre-assembled for 99. Reaching 32 gigaflops (32 billion floating point operations per second), Intels Touchstone Delta has 512 processors operating independently, arranged in a two-dimensional communications mesh. Caltech researchers used this supercomputer prototype for projects such as real-time processing of satellite images, and for simulating molecular models in AIDS research. David Packard and Bill Hewlett found their company in a Palo Alto, California garage. Almost a million units were ordered on the day of release. Spreadsheet The first of several personal computers released in 1977, the PET comes fully assembled with either 4 or 8 KB of memory, a built-in cassette tape drive, and a membrane keyboard. The LEO was Englands first commercial computer and was performing useful work before any other commercial computer system in the world. The Nest allowed for remote access to a users homes thermostat by using a smartphone or tablet and could also send monthly power consumption reports to help save on energy bills. The project became the One Laptop per Child Consortium (OLPC) founded by Nicholas Negroponte, the founder of MIT's Media Lab. These are the two categories people usually use to describe tutorial software functions. Commodores Amiga 1000 is announced with a major event at New York's Lincoln Center featuring celebrities like Andy Warhol and Debbie Harry of the musical group Blondie. Part of the speed came from the computers design, which used 10 small computers, known as peripheral processing units, to offload the workload from the central processor. Its Williams-Kilburn tube memory system was later adopted by several other early computer systems around the world. Arduino soon became the main computer platform of the worldwide Maker movement. Colossus reduced the time to break Lorenz messages from weeks to hours. To protect it from earthquakes, the building housing it was built using a seismic isolation system that used rubber supports. It was developed as a versatile instrument controller for HP's growing family of programmable test and measurement products. The Commodore 64 was one of the most popular microcomputers of its era, and is the best-selling model of home computers of all time. The result was the Relay Interpolator, later called the Bell Labs Model II. The Alto is a groundbreaking computer with wide influence on the computer industry. 0.5 out of 0.5 points. Called a complex instruction set computer, VAX systems were backward compatible and so preserved the investment owners of previous DEC computers had in software. In 2012, Apple introduced the Retina display for the MacBook Pro laptop and iPad tablet. FTCE Physical Education Certification Exam, Alan S. Willsky, Alan V. Oppenheim, Hamid Nawab, Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, Brian Self, David Mazurek, E. Russell Johnston, Ferdinand Beer, Phillip Cornwell, 3.8.1 - Strategic direction: choosing which m, BCPS 2018: Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders. Replacing their Archimedes computer, the RISC PC from UK's Acorn Computers uses the ARMv3 RISC microprocessor. The 6502 and its progeny are still used today, usually in embedded applications. Using dual PowerPC 603 CPUs, and featuring a large variety of peripheral ports, the first devices were used for software development. Named in honor of the space shuttle which broke-up on re-entry, the Columbia supercomputer is an important part of NASA's return to manned spaceflight after the 2003 disaster. Over the next few years, the basic design of the IAS machine was copied in at least 17 places and given similar-sounding names, for example, the MANIAC at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; the ILLIAC at the University of Illinois; the Johnniac at The Rand Corporation; and the SILLIAC in Australia. Rather than testing components like the SEAC, the SWAC was built using already-developed technology. When was the word "computer" first used? A total of ten Colossi were delivered, each using as many as 2,500 vacuum tubes. At the same press conference, IBM also announced 40 completely new peripherals for the new family. It is recognized by the 2006 Guinness Book of World Records as the greatest selling single computer of all time. The Pentium introduced several advances that made programs run faster such as the ability to execute several instructions at the same time and support for graphics and music. The design packed 800 vacuum tubes into a relatively compact 12 square feet. At its introduction, it was listed as the second fastest supercomputer in the world and this single system increased NASA's supercomputing capacity 10-fold. Minuteman missiles use transistorized computers to continuously calculate their position in flight. The company sold about 200 machines, losing $500 per unit. Follow-on versions of the Kindle added further audio-video capabilities. An electronic machine operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory that can: 1. More than 50 PDP-1s were sold. This free, public set of lectures inspired the EDSAC, BINAC, and, later, IAS machine clones like the AVIDAC. The keyboard was comprised of three roughly triangular interlocking pieces, which formed a full-sized keyboard when the laptop was opened -- resulting in a keyboard significantly wider than the case. An early transistorized computer, the NEAC (Nippon Electric Automatic Computer) includes a CPU, console, paper tape reader and punch, printer and magnetic tape units. (C) The Regent Corporation's microcomputer can be used in conjunction with higher-priced microcomputers manufactured by other companies. The Mark-8 Do-It-Yourself kit is designed by graduate student John Titus and uses the Intel 8008 microprocessor. Assessment instruments may have lower reliability and validity when used with non-native English speakers. A computer could write it with a laser instead. Mark-8 featured on Radio-Electronics July 1974 cover. In all, about 200 of the boards were sold before Apple announced the follow-on Apple II a year later as a ready-to-use computer for consumers, a model which sold in the millions for nearly two decades. Compaq beats IBM to the market when it announces the Deskpro 386, the first computer on the market to use Intels new 80386 chip, a 32-bit microprocessor with 275,000 transistors on each chip. The first IBM system to include Intels 80386 chip, the company ships more than 1 million units by the end of the first year. The Control Data Corporation (CDC) 6600 performs up to 3 million instructions per second three times faster than that of its closest competitor, the IBM 7030 supercomputer. ex..pentium, celeron, athlon. Typical applications included US national defense work, including the design and simulation of nuclear weapons, and weather forecasting. What type of integration strategy is a teacher using when she has her students link up with local writers who critique the students' stories and email them feedback before their work is finalized and posted online? Introduction of the iPhone 4 with retina display. The Programma 101 could do addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, as well as calculate square roots. For research, Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) supplied the components, and 50 original LINCs were made. The PDP-8 sold for $18,000, one-fifth the price of a small IBM System/360 mainframe. The Earth Simulator was listed as the fastest supercomputer in the world from 2002 to 2004. It featured a 5-inch display, 64 KB of memory, a modem, and two 5.25-inch floppy disk drives. Some of its other innovations were the inclusion of a magneto-optical (MO) disk drive, a digital signal processor and the NeXTSTEP programming environment (later released as OPENSTEP). The Univac 1 is the first commercial computer to attract widespread public attention. The Zilog Z-80 could run any program written for the 8080 and included twice as many built-in machine instructions. the _____ screen is the first screen displayed. A. Simon featured on the November 1950 Scientific American cover, The hobbyist magazine Radio Electronics publishes Edmund Berkeley's design for the Simon 1 relay computer from 1950 to 1951. The first large commercial computers to use integrated circuits, RCA highlights the IC's advantage over IBMs custom SLT modules. The Macintosh was the first successful mouse-driven computer with a graphical user interface and was based on the Motorola 68000 microprocessor. It had 32 KB of memory and sold for $8,000. The ASCI Red, based on the design of the Intel Paragon, was built by IBM and delivered to Sandia National Laboratories. Started by a group of engineers that left Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), Data General designs the Nova minicomputer. The IBM PC revolutionized business computing by becoming the first PC to gain widespread adoption by industry. The 6600 retained the distinction of being the fastest computer in the world until surpassed by its successor, the CDC 7600, in 1968. True/False False Mac OS X (now macOS) runs the same kernel used in its predecessor, Mac OS 9. Wang was a successful calculator manufacturer, then a successful word processor company. It was the world's first commercial 16-bit minicomputer and 172 systems were sold. Acorn spun off ARM as its own company to license microprocessor designs, which in turn has transformed mobile computing with ARMs low power, high-performance processors and systems-on-chip (SoC). Foremost among its developments was Forresters perfection of magnetic core memory, which became the dominant form of high-speed random access memory for computers until the mid-1970s. From concept to finished system, SCAMP took only six months to develop. -The Massive Open Online Course (M O O C). What type of web-based creation is produced when a teacher has art students sketchnoting about a visiting artist's lecture? Which software function could help students memorize the correct names of chemical elements? The device's success led to the creation of MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 1951. The company called it a connected organizer rather than a PDA to emphasize this ability. During World War II, the US Navy approaches the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) about building a flight simulator to train bomber crews. The Baby was built to test a new memory technology developed by Williams and Kilburn -- soon known as the Williams Tube which was the first high-speed electronic random access memory for computers. service packs. It performed 2 million instructions per second, but other RISC-based computers worked significantly faster. Palm could be connected to a PC or Mac using a serial port to synchronize sync both computer and Palm. Modeled after the Cambridge University EDSAC computer, the president of Lyons Tea Co. has the LEO built to solve the problem of production scheduling and delivery of cakes to the hundreds of Lyons tea shops around England. In October 2013, the one millionth Raspberry Pi was shipped. Conceived in the UK by the Raspberry Pi Foundation, this credit card-sized computer features ease of use and simplicity making it highly popular with students and hobbyists. The first Q1 microcomputer was delivered in December of 1972, making it the first, as far as he can tell. The US Navy Tactical Data System uses computers to integrate and display shipboard radar, sonar and communications data. In 1983 Zojirushi introduced a rice cooker that was among the first consumer-oriented products to rely on fuzzy logic. The British Broadcasting Corporations Computer Literacy Project hoped to introduce interested adults to the world of computers. Acorn produces a popular computer, the BBC Microcomputer System, so viewers at home could follow along on their own home computers as they watched the program. Based on the Intel 8008 microprocessor, the Micral is one of the earliest commercial, non-kit personal computers. Lenovo, China's largest manufacturer of PCs, purchased IBM's personal computer business in 2005, largely to gain access to IBM's ThinkPad line of computers and sales force. Cuthbert Hurd (standing) and Thomas Watson, Sr. at IBM 701 console. Ed de Castro, its main designer and co-founder of Data General, had earlier led the team that created the DEC PDP-8. The Canadian Chalk River Nuclear Lab needed a special device to monitor a reactor. An ecologist, for example, could sprinkle thousands of motes from the air onto a field and measure soil and air temperature, moisture, and sunlight, giving them accurate real-time data about the environment. A large amount of software was created for the BBC Micro, including educational, productivity, and game programs. After the war, he concentrated on the development of Princetons Institute for Advanced Studies computer. Updates called _____ contain fixes and enhancements to the operating system. It had no operating system, but it did recognize commands entered via a row of switches. The 1101, designed by ERA but built by Remington-Rand, was intended for high-speed computing and stored 1 million bits on its magnetic drum, one of the earliest magnetic storage devices and a technology which ERA had done much to perfect in its own laboratories. Nine of the computers, which featured dozens of advanced design innovations, were sold, mainly to national laboratories and major scientific users. The machine had a fifty-foot long camshaft running the length of machine that synchronized the machines thousands of component parts and used 3,500 relays. This high performance processor found its place in powerful work stations intended for graphics-intensive programs common in engineering. During the 1980s and early 1990s, ____ was the dominant operating system for microcomputers. If a student is creating within Minecraft or Sims, what type of computer programming products are they designing and making? The Advanced Strategic Computing Initiative (ASCI) needed a supercomputer to help with the maintenance of the US nuclear arsenal following the ban on underground nuclear testing. B. Hungarian-born von Neumann demonstrated prodigious expertise in hydrodynamics, ballistics, meteorology, game theory, statistics, and the use of mechanical devices for computation. Spectra systems were marketed on the basis of their compatibility with the IBM System/360 series of computer since it implemented the IBM 360 instruction set and could run most IBM software with little or no modification. A year later, it steered Apollo 11 to the lunar surface. The AGC was one of the earliest uses of integrated circuits, and used core memory, as well as read-only magnetic rope memory. It used $120 worth of electronics components, as outlined in the September 1973 issue of hobbyist magazine Radio Electronics. While Sun workstations didn't utilize commodity PC hardware like Linux was later developed for, it represented the . Of the following challenges, which one has not been identified as a challenge for students engaged in blended learning? For many business users, quick access to this huge storage capability outweighed its relatively slow processing speed. Palm Inc., founded by Ed Colligan, Donna Dubinsky, and Jeff Hawkins, originally created software for the Casio Zoomer personal data assistant. . At a cost to computer makers of roughly $700, the ASR-33 Teletype is originally designed as a low cost terminal for the Western Union communications network. One biblical scholar even used a Univac 1 to compile a concordance to the King James version of the Bible. The Moore School Building at the University of Pennsylvania. The RISC microprocessor had a 32-bit integer arithmetic and logic unit (the part of the CPU that performs operations such as addition and subtraction), a 64-bit floating-point unit, and a clock rate of 33 MHz. Enterprise resource planning systems cannot be used for managing daily operations. What is the Internet standard for how web pages are formatted and displayed? Information systems whose purpose is to glean from raw data relationships and trends that might help organizations compete better are called business intelligence (BI) systems. In some places, lower populations of ELL students may result in distorted data analysis. The 2200 used a built-in CRT, cassette tape for storage, and ran the programming language BASIC. At the top of the line was the Model 7030, also known as "Stretch." While many early digital computers were based on similar designs, such as the IAS and its copies, others are unique designs, like the CSIRAC. answer choices True Fasle Question 3 30 seconds Q. Based on the Touchstone Delta computer Intel had built at Caltech, the Paragon is a parallel supercomputer that uses 2,048 (later increased to more than four thousand) Intel i860 processors. SWTPC introduces many computer kits based on the Motorola 6800, and later, the 6809. The Air incorporated many of the technologies that had been associated with Apple's MacBook line of laptops, including integrated camera, and Wi-Fi capabilities. The machine was expandable, with ports for cassette storage, serial interface and rudimentary networking. Twitter is an example of which web-based collaboration resource? FoxBase is a database management system and programming language developed by Fox Software in the mid-1980s. This object-oriented multitasking operating system was groundbreaking in its ability to foster rapid development of software applications. Designed by Sunnyvale, California native Steve Wozniak, and marketed by his friend Steve Jobs, the Apple-1 is a single-board computer for hobbyists. In 1984, Michael Dell creates PC's Limited while still a student of the University of Texas at Austin. Combined with an enhanced bus interface unit, the microprocessor doubled the performance of the 386 without increasing the clock rate. What type of online learning is used the least in K-12 educational contexts?